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Chagall, Marc [Shagal, Mark Zakharovich] (1887-1985)

Russian painter. In 1907, Chagall left his native Vitebsk for St. Petersburg, where he studied under L.N. Bakst. In Paris (1910) he began to assimilate cubist characteristics into his expressionistic style. He is considered a forerunner of surrealism. After some years in Russia, Chagall returned to France in 1922, where he spent most of his life. His frequently repeated subject matter was drawn from Jewish life and folklore; he was particularly fond of flower and animal symbols. His major early works included murals for the Jewish State Theater (now in the Tretyakov Museum, Moscow). Among his other well-known works are "I and the Village" (1911, Museum of Modern Art, New York City) and "The Rabbi of Vitebsk" (Art Institute, Chicago). He also designed the sets and costumes for Stravinsky's ballet, "Firebird" (1945). Chagall's twelve stained-glass windows, symbolizing the tribes of Israel, were exhibited in Paris and New York City before being installed (1962) in the Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center synagogue in Jerusalem. His two vast murals for New York's Metropolitan Opera House, treating symbolically the sources and the triumph of music, were installed in 1966. <.>

This is information only, not a book or an artwork

Item ID: i0186

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